Kiat Sukses UN Bahasa Inggris SMP/MTs: Mengidentifikasi Soal yang Menanyakan Tujuan Komunikatif Teks

Ujian Nasional mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggris bagi sebagian besar siswa masih dianggap sulit dan selalu menjadi momok, apalagi bagi siswa di daerah pinggiran. Sebenarnya akar permasalahan ini adalah minimnya penguasaan kosa-kata. Namun jika jeli dan tidak mudah putus asa sebenarnya soal-soal tertentu dapat dikerjakan dengan benar meski hanya sedikit  sekali mengetahui arti dari kata-kata yang digunakan. Ya, caranya – harus rajin berlatih mengerjakan soal dan titen. (Ini khusus untuk mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Mata pelajaran yang lain saya tidak tahu.) Seperti halnya bagaimana mengidentifikasi dan menemukan jawaban atas soal yang menanyakan tujuan komunikatif suatu teks.

TUJUAN KOMUNIKATIF TEKS

1. Essay Text

GENRE

PURPOSE

TYPE

NARRATIVE To entertain the readerOR To amuse the reader ORTo provide entertainment and to make the audience think about an issue, teach them a lesson, or excite their emotions. Short stories, Fables, Folk talesPlays, Legends, Myths,Ballads
REPORT To present information about a person, thing or placeORTo classify and/or describe using facts about the subject’s parts, behavior and qualities. Reference articles, lecture, scientific articles, textbooks
RECOUNT To tell events in the time order that have happenedOR To share….To provide the audience with a description of what occurred and when it occurred or retell one’s past experience. Diaries, letters, journals, biographies, newspaper reports, historical recount, autobiographies, incident reports.
PROCEDURE To give instructions about how to do somethingORTo explain how to do something, how to make something or how to get somewhere. Recipes, instructional manuals, experiment reports, spoken directions
DESCRIPTIVE To describe  about certain person,  animal or thing (a living or non-living thing)ORTo tell about the subject by describing its features without including personal opinions. Certain thing, person, animal, or place

2. Short Functional Text

A functional text is a piece of writing that communicates something from an individual or group to another.

TYPES OF SHORT FUNCTIONAL TEXT

PURPOSE

  Caution Depends on the content of the text
  Greeting card Depends on the content of the text
  Short message Depends on the content of the text
  Invitation To invite……
  Announcement To announce…./ To inform….
  Label Depends on the content of the text
  Advertisement To advertise…/ To promote…./ To persuade….
  Letter Depends on the content of the text

3. Ciri soal yang menanyakan tujuan komunikatif teks biasanya menggunakan pertanyaan seperti di bawah.

  • What is the purpose of the text?
  • What is the communicative purpose of the text?
  • What does the writer of the text write the text for?
  • What is the writer’s purpose of the text?
  • What is the writer’s  intention …?
  • The purpose of writing the above text is … .
  • The text is meant to … .

3 Tanggapan

  1. terima kasih pak, ini akan menjadi tambahan tips dan trik menghadapi soal un yang saya miliki.

  2. Thank you so much for your article of Kiat Sukses UN bahasa Inggris. It’s very useful for me for leading english teachers to be more creative in drilling their students. GBU

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